Breadcrumbs

Audiovisual

In text citation

(Noonan, 2008)

In reference list

Noonan, D. (Producer). (2008, January 9). The whistle from the blunder: Part 5 [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.radionz.co.nz

  • Include as much information as possible, e.g. date, title and identifier.

In text citation

(Vasile & Fellini, 2001) or
Vasile and Fellini (2001)

In reference list

Vasile, T. (Producer), & Fellini, F. (Director). (2001). Roma [Motion picture]. United States: MGM Home Entertainment.

  • In the Author field, identify the primary contributors (i.e. the director or producer or both) but not the presenters.
  • For publication information, give the motion picture's country of origin and the name of the motion picture studio.
  • A description of the form of the work goes in square brackets [ ] after the title. It is not italicised.

In text citation

(The Beatles, 2003, track 10)

  • Include side and band or track numbers.

In reference list

The Beatles. (2003). Across the universe. On Let it be... naked [CD]. Hollywood, CA: Capital Records.

  • Add medium of recording with [ ]. If it is downloaded online, use the file format as medium – e.g. [MP3 file], [MIDI file].

In text citation

"Amazing Grace" (Newton, 1779/2009, track 8) or
Newton's celebrated song (1779/2009, track 8) says...

  • Acknowledge both composed year and performed year.

In reference list

Newton, J. (1779). Amazing grace [Recorded by S. Boyle]. On I dreamed a dream [CD]. London, England: Sony Music Entertainment. (2009)

  • When a song is recorded by someone other than the composer, acknowledge the performer with [Recorded by… ] after the title, and date of the recording at the end of the reference.
  • When the composer and lyricist are not the same, acknowledge both of them – e.g. Goethe, J. W. (Lyricist), & Mozart, W. A. (Composer).
  • Do not put a period after the date of recording (Publication manual, p. 209).
  • Add medium of recording with [ ]. If it is downloaded online, use the file format as medium – e.g. [MP3 file], [MIDI file].

In text citation

According to the traditional Maori song, "Tarakihi" (1999), ... or
("Tarakihi," 1999).

  • Use double quotation marks around the title of a song (Publication manual, p. 176).

In reference list

Tarakihi [Recorded by K. Te Kanawa]. (n.d.). On Maori songs [MP3 file]. New York, NY: EMI. (1999)

  • When you cannot find a composer’s name (e.g. traditional songs), move the title to the author’s position.
  • Add medium of recording with [ ]. If it is downloaded online, use the file format as medium – e.g. [MP3 file], [MIDI file].

In text citation

(Slater, 2002)

In reference list

Slater, K. (Producer). (2002). Gene in a bottle [Television series episode]. In 60 minutes. Auckland, New Zealand: TV3 Network Services.

  • Put television series episode or motion picture in square brackets [ ] after the title.

In text citation

(Leelefever, 2007)

In reference list

Leelefever. (2007, May 29). Wiki in plain English [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dnL00TdmLY

  • Use the uploader's name as the author.