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Conference Papers, Reports, and Theses

In text citation

(Shobhadevi & Bidarakoppa, 1994) or
Shobhadevi and Bidarakoppa (1994) published their ...

In reference list

Shobhadevi, Y. J., & Bidarakoppa, G. S. (1994). Possession phenomena: As a coping behaviour. In G. Davidson (Ed.), Applying psychology: Lessons from Asia-Oceania (pp. 83-95). Carlton, Australia: Australian Psychological Society.

  • To cite published proceedings from a book, use the same format as for a book or book chapter (Publication Manual, p. 206).
  • To cite proceedings published regularly use the same format as a periodical.

In text citation

(Bochner, 1996) or
Bochner (1996) addressed this ...

In reference list

Bochner, S. (1996, November). Mentoring in higher education: Issues to be addressed in developing a mentoring program. Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education Conference, Singapore. Retrieved from http://www.aare.edu.au/96pap/bochs96018.txt

  • A capital letter is used for all key words in the conference name.
  • Give the month of the conference if the paper has not been formally published (Publication Manual, pp. 206-207).

In text citation

(Telecom New Zealand, 2007)

In reference list

Telecom New Zealand. (2007). Ready to compete, connect, communicate: Annual report 2007. Retrieved from http://annualreport07.telecom.co.nz/download/telecom-annual-report-2007.pdf

  • If it is an annual report, reference it as a book.

In text citation

(Holmes, 2000) or
Holmes (2000) highlights the importance ...

In reference list

Holmes, P. (2000). The intercultural communication experiences of ethnic Chinese students in a Western tertiary institution: Implications for education providers (Working paper 2000-14). Hamilton, New Zealand: University of Waikato, Department of Management Communication.

  • If there is a report number, give this in parentheses after the title.
  • If the name of the state, province, or country is included in the name of the university, this does not need to be repeated in the publisher location.
  • Give the name of parent body (i.e. the university) first, followed by the department that produced the document (Publication Manual, p. 183).

In text citation

(Caygill, 2009) or
Caygill (2009) concludes ...

In reference list

Caygill, R. (2009). Science: Trends in Year 5 science achievement 1994 to 2006. Retrieved from Ministry of Education, Education Counts website: http://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/34413/914_TIMSS-06_Science2.pdf

  • If a report is available online, add the publisher as part of the retrieval statement if it has not been identified as the author (Publication Manual, p. 205).

In text citation

(Whangapirita, Awatere, & Nikora, 2003)

In reference list

Whangapirita, L., Awatere, S., & Nikora, L. (2003). Maori perspectives of the environment: A review of policy submissions made by iwi to Environment Waikato (Technical Report No.3; Environment Waikato Internal Series 2004/01). Retrieved from University of Waikato, Research Commons website: http://researchcommons.waikato.ac.nz/

In text citation

(Liu, 2006) or
Liu (2006) recommends ...

In reference list

Liu, G. (2014). Improving corporate Internet reporting in China (Doctoral thesis, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand). Retrieved from http://researchcommons.waikato.ac.nz/handle/10289/2241

  • Include either (Doctoral thesis) or (Master's thesis) after the title as appropriate (Publication Manual, p. 207) and university's name and location (city and country).
  • If the city name is included in the University's name, leave it out (e.g. University of Auckland, New Zealand).

In text citation

(Rose, 2006) or
According to Rose (2006) ...

In reference list

Rose, S. L. (2006). Essays on almost common value auctions (Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University). Retrieved from http://www.ohiolink.edu/etd