Breadcrumbs

Webpages & Social Networking

In text citation

(Hobbit Team, 2011)

In reference list

Hobbit Team. (2011, November 5). 3D concept sketch [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://www.thehobbitblog.com/

  • Do not italicise the blog post title, as it is unpublished material.
  • Use the URL of the blog homepage rather than individual post's URL.

In text citation

It is reported that ... (Yoko Ono, 2013).

In reference list

Yoko Ono. (2013, June 18). Sue Webster, PJ Harvey, Hanna Hanra & Linda Yablonsky hold the #meltdownfest programme on the opening night [Twitter post]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/yokoono/status/346643053563486209

  • Use the whole post as title. No italics.
  • Use the author name as written (not Ono, Y, but Yoko Ono).
  • Use the URL to lead to the post rather than the feed.
  • Contents from private or friend-only Twitter page should be treated as Personal Communications. See 'Personal Communications' in 'Others' Section.

In text citation

(Chalmers, 2000)

In reference list

Chalmers, D. (2000, November 17). Seeing with sound [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from http://groups.google.com/group/sci.psychology.consciousness/

  • Do not italicise titles of unpublished works.

In text citation

(Helen Clark, 2013)

In reference list

Helen Clark. (2013, April 7). I've just been at the spring meeting of the UN Chief Executives Board [Facebook update]. Retrieved from http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151631106326579set=a.10150973739971579.488293.9740721578&type=1

  • Use the whole post as title, but if it is too long, truncate. No italics.
  • Use the author name as written (not Clark, H, but Helen Clark).
  • Use the URL to lead to the post rather than the feed.
  • Contents from a private or friend-only Facebook page should be treated as Personal Communications. See 'Personal Communications' in 'Others' Section.

In text citation

(Statistics New Zealand, 2007)

  • Do not write URLs in the text.

In reference list

Statistics New Zealand. (2007). New Zealand in profile 2007. Retrieved from http://www.stats.govt.nz

  • A personal or institutional webpage is considered an informally published work (Publication Manual, p. 212).
  • It is no longer necessary to include the date of retrieval, unless webpage content is likely to be updated (e.g. a wiki).

In text citation

(University of Waikato, Law Library, n.d.)

  • (n.d.)= no date.

In reference list

University of Waikato, Law Library. (n.d.). Commentary. Retrieved July 19, 2009, from http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/index.php/Commentaries

  • Do not italicise titles of unpublished works.
  • Include the date of retrieval since the contents of a wiki are likely to change over time. For group authors, the parent body precedes a subdivision (Publication Manual, p. 183).