AMA Referencing Style Guide
This is a quick guide to the American Medical Association (AMA) 10th ed Manual of Style for authors. A copy of the Manual is available on Level 3 of the Hamilton Campus Library R119 .A53 2007
When you refer to another person’s ideas or information you must acknowledge the source using a superscript number (above the line) placed after a direct quote or paraphrase. This refers readers to the corresponding reference at the end of your assignment.
- Items are listed numerically in the order they are entered in-text.
- Arabic superscript numbers should be placed after full-stops or commas, but inside colons or semi-colons (p. 43 the manual).
- When 2 or more references are cited, use hyphens to join the first and last numbers. Use commas without a space to separate other parts of a multiple citation. e.g. 1-2,4
- Start with author's surname followed by initials. e.g. Brown JB
- Separate two or more authors with a comma. e.g. Smith AS, Thomas BT
- Include up to six authors only. For more than six, give the first 3 authors, then et al. (p. 45)
- Italicise book titles.
- Capitalise the first letter of all nouns in the title, and all verbs, including 2-letter verbs such as Is. Lowercase conjunctions, such as and, by and for.
Place of publication
- Use the name of city where the publishing city was located at the time of publication, including 2-letter state code for the US, or the country name if outside the US.
- Only the first city is required if more than one is listed.
- Journal articles should start with a capital letter, but thereafter only proper nouns should be in uppercase. The subtitle should also start with a lowercase, unless a proper noun.
- Journal titles (including magazines and newspapers), should have abbreviated titles. Use Index Medicus or LocatorPlus at the US National Library of Medicine for correct journal abbreviations.