Dr Tahu Kukutai

Tahu Kukutai


Qualifications: BA(Hons) MSocSc Waikato, MA PhD Stanford

About Tahu

Tahu is from the Waikato town of Ngāruawāhia and belongs to Ngāti Tīpā, Ngāti Mahanga, Ngāti Kinohaku, Ngāti Ngawaero and Te Aupōuri iwi. She has degrees in History and Demography from the University of Waikato, and a PhD in Sociology from Stanford University. Tahu is Vice-President of the Population Association of New Zealand Council, is a founding member of Te Mana Raraunga, the Māori data sovereignty network, and serves on the Royal Society Te Aparangi Council, and the Social Policy Research and Evaluation Unit Whānau Reference Group. Dr Kukutai was the inaugural recipient of the University of Waikato early career researcher award and was appointed a World Social Science Fellow in 2014.

Papers Taught

Research Supervised

Dr Kukutai teaches undergraduate and Honours-level papers in Population Studies and Demography and contributes to undergraduate courses in History and Māori studies. She provides supervision across a wide range of disciplines.

Current students:   


Patrick Broman (PhD, Demography). In pursuit of the ‘we’: Analysing demographic ‘New Zealandness’ (Chief supervisor).

Prabin Shakya (PhD, Demography). Premarital sexual behaviour of adolescents in Nepal (Chief supervisor).

Janet Amey (PhD, Demography). Health status in a population in regional New Zealand: The relative contributions of demography and primary care service delivery (Chief supervisor).

Moana Rarere (PhD, Demography). Māori fertility patterns and whānau formation in the 21st century (Chief supervisor).

Desi Rodriguez-Lonebear (Dual PhD: Demography, University of Waikato; Sociology, University of Arizona). Data for sovereignty: Counting and classifying tribal identity (Chief supervisor).


Karleen Puriri (MBA). Opportunities for Waikato-Tainui to access and use digital data streams to progress tribal strategic priorities.

Delwyn Abraham (MBA). An ecosystem approach to intergenerational wealth creation for Tūrangawaewae marae.

Previous students:

Alison Green (PhD, Māori and Pacific Development).  Mātauranga Māori in sexual and reproductive health policy in New Zealand: Lessons from a comparative policy study.

Mandy Yap (PhD, Economics, Australian National University). In pursuit of culturally relevant and gender-sensitive indicators of wellbeing: A Yawuru case study in operationalizing the 'recognition space'.

Alison Day (Masters, Demography). Projecting future dementia numbers in New Zealand.

Maraea Mullane-Ronaki (Masters, Demography). Indigenizing the national census? A global study of the enumeration of Indigenous peoples from 1985 to 2013.

Todd Nachowitz (PhD, Political Science & Public Policy). Towards a theory of deep diversity: Immigration, multicultural policy and the Indian diaspora in New Zealand.

Patrick Broman (Masters, Demography). Making sense of the census: Counting and classifying ethnicity in Oceania, 1965-2014.

Moana Rarere (Masters, Demography).  The determinants of tribal population growth in the New Zealand Census, 1991 - 2006.

Research Interests

Dr Kukutai specialises in Māori and Indigenous population research and leads the NIDEA research programme Te Para One E Tū Mai Nei: Māori and indigenous futures.

Her research spans a broad range of population topics from iwi /tribal demography and indigenous data sovereignty, to Māori-migrant relations and the impacts of colonisation on Indigenous health. She has undertaken commissioned work for numerous iwi entities, Māori organisations, and government policy agencies.

Much of her research uses mixed methods and involves working with other social scientists in Aotearoa and internationally. Current projects include: Counting our Tūpuna: Colonisation and indigenous survivorship in Aotearoa NZ (Marsden Fund); Indigenous data sovereignty: Enduring aspirations in a digital age (Ngā Pae o Te Māramatanga); Indigenous health in transition (Swedish Research Council, PI: AProf. Per Axelsson); and Capturing the diversity dividend in Aotearoa New Zealand (Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment: PI: Prof. Jacques Poot & Prof. Paul Spoonley).

In addition to her work in Māori and Indigenous demography, Tahu leads the Ethnicity Counts? project which studies how governments around the world count and classify populations by ethnic-racial criteria and citizenship status. She has published widely on this topic, as well as on census methodologies, with Dr Victor Thompson (Rider University, USA). They are currently writing a book examining how and why state practices of ethnic-racial and civic enumeration have changed over the past 30 years.

Recent Publications

  • Cormack, D., & Kukutai, T. (2021). Pandemic paternalism: Reflections on Indigenous data from Aotearoa. In S. Milan, E. Trere, & S. Masiero (Eds.), COVID-19 from the margins: Pandemic invisibilities, policies and resistance in the datafied society (pp. 141-144). Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures. Retrieved from

  • Mahuika, N., & Kukutai, T. (2021). Introduction: Indigenous Perspectives on Genealogical Research. Genealogy, 5(3), 63. doi:10.3390/genealogy5030063

  • Broman, P., & Kukutai, T. (2021). Fixed not fluid: European identification in the Aotearoa New Zealand census. Journal of Population Research. doi:10.1007/s12546-021-09262-4

  • Carroll, S. R., Akee, R., Chung, P., Cormack, D., Kukutai, T., Lovett, R., . . . Rowe, R. K. (2021). Indigenous Peoples' Data During COVID-19: From External to Internal. Frontiers in Sociology, 6. doi:10.3389/fsoc.2021.617895

Find more research publications by Tahu Kukutai


Maori health; Maori identity; population studies; social science research; migration; census; ethnic classification; ethnic inequalities; indigenous demography; iwi demography.