Video (from Youtube): Abbreviations in academic writing, from LDG Huddersfield (new tab). (Watching time: 1m:44secs)

NB: The first of the videos on this playlist is relevant to the content of this lesson, but the two others are interesting too, and they are quite short, so feel okay to watch them all if you want to.

Complete the quiz items below to see if you have understood this lesson. Then click the blue arrow at the bottom of the page to check your answers.

Instructions: Hover or tap the questions below to see the reason for the answers given in the quiz.

1. Select Yes if the sentence below uses abbreviations properly, otherwise select No.
Doctor Smith was the first on the accident scene. Being a Dr, she was used to such events.

Why: An abbreviation like Dr can only be used as a title. The sentence should read "Dr Smith was the first on the accident scene. Being a doctor, she was used to such events."

2. Which of the following abbreviations are acceptable for using in an academic essay?
e.g. (for example) | i.e. (that is) | et al. (and the others) | mm (millimetres) | etc. (et cetera)

et al. | mm
Why: It is best to avoid contractions and abbreviations in academic writing, apart from some sanctioned exceptions.

3. Which of these are abbreviations?
abbrv. | Ltd | ABBA | Mr | Ave. | AM

abbrv. | Ltd | Mr | Ave.
Why: These are abbreviations because they are shortened versions of words. (The others are acronyms because they are formed by taking the first letters of several words).

4. Is "NZ" an abbreviation of New Zealand, or an acronym for New Zealand?
❍ Acronym
❍ Abbreviation

Why: Acronyms are combinations made up of the first letters of a series of words. In academic writing you can sometimes make your own acronyms. Abbreviations however, are usually specified by convention, and you are expected to follow the convention.