Student Learning Grammar
This resource has been developed to help you master basic points of English grammar. The lessons have been organised from simple to more complex, and some pages of similar content are sequentially numbered.
What grammar do you need to learn?
Use the gray tabs below to see the range of lessons and exercises available.
PreQuiz for Stage 1 - Start with this quiz to see which of the lessons below you should do first.
Apostrophes 1: 'Belonging to [something]', 'of the [something]' and possessive adjectives
Colons 1: For lists or quotations and for providing evidence
Parallel Constructions: For ideas of similar value and for contrasting ideas
Modifiers 1: What happens to your sentence when modifiers are in the wrong place
Capitals 1: For emphasising important things, names and organisations, events and brands
Commas 1: For separating describing words and making simple lists.
Subjects of sentences 1: Should you say Philip and me or Philip and I?
Pronouns 1: Referring to individuals as him or her (rather than them).
PreQuiz for Stage 2 - Start with this quiz to see which of the lessons below you should do first.
Apostrophes 2: What to do with possessive pronouns, and the difference between it's and its
Semi-colons: For separating two independent clauses or items in a list-like sentence
Parallel Constructions 2 : Consistency in your sentences
Modifiers 2: Overcoming ambiguity (double-meanings) in your sentences
Commas 2: Managing complex lists and how comma placement can change the meaning.
Subjects of sentences 2: More about the difference between 'I' and 'me' in your sentences
Clauses: independent and dependent: Fixing the problem of incomplete sentences (2 pages)
PreQuiz for Stage 3 - Start with this quiz to see which of the lessons below you should do first.
Apostrophes 3: Keeping track of who owns what in your sentence
Modifiers 3: Dangling modifiers that don't connect logically, and disruptive modifiers
Capitals 3: With acronyms
Commas 3: Using commas before joining words, and to identify non-essential information.
Subjects of sentences 3: Confusion with using 'me'
Clauses - relative clauses: For providing extra information in a sentence using words like who or which
PreQuiz for Stage 4 - Start with this quiz to see which of the lessons below you should do first.
Split infinitives (Modifiers 4): It is ok to subtly split your infinitive [wink] - no quiz
Capitals 4: With abbreviations
Subjects of sentences 4: When to use 'who' and 'whom'
Comma splice: (aka Run-on sentences): How to fix your run-on sentences (2 page lesson)
Sentence fragments: (also called incomplete sentences). Recognising when your verb is missing.
PreQuiz for Words that Confuse - Helping you identify which of the lessons below you should do first.
- Is it 'they're', 'their', or 'there'?
- The difference between 'brought' and 'bought'
- Knowing when it's 'than' or 'then'
- What is the difference between 'affect' and 'effect'?
- They may sound similar, but 'accept' and 'except' work differently.
- When to use 'whose' or 'who's'.
- Don't confuse loose and lose
- How to you know if it should be past or passed.
This resource was developed by Katherine Gilliver-Brown, Student Learning, Faculty of Education. The content is designed to target the grammatical inconsistencies typical of native speakers. Thank you to the following people:
- Jim Fulton, and Ben Shuker for contributing grammatical content.
- The University of Waikato Web Team, for their technical advice and supervision.
- Alen Grakalic (2009) for providing title pop-up design ideas at http://cssglobe.com/post/4380/easy-tooltip--jquery-plugin.
- w3schools.com for providing interactive button design ideas.
Enjoy - Katherine
This resource is a new innovation for Student Learning, so we would appreciate your comments.