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*Asterisk = examples of errors or poor constructions*.
Student Learning: Grammar
Using colons & semi-colons - Lesson one
Colons have two closely related functions.
- 1.1 Presenting a list or quotation:
Firstly they serve to introduce a list or a quotation.
The assessment is based on certain criteria: engagement with audience, technical ability, evidence of improvising, and creativity.
The introduction does several things: it sets the tone, provides background information, and explains why the topic is important.
Johnson (2004) offered this perspective: "The birth order of a child in the family is influential" (p. 6).
- 1.2 Providing evidence:
Secondly, colons offer an explanation or evidence of the sentence that precedes it. To check if you have used the colon correctly (for both this use and that of number 1 above) insert the phrase "namely" (or "and that is/and those are") where the colon is; it should still make sense.
Bob had only one thing on his mind: getting out of there.
Severe measures are needed to save the Eurozone: reducing national debt, cutting public sector spending, and curtailing borrowing.
He has taken the first step to recovery: admitting he has a drinking problem..