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Dr Elaine Khoo

Elaine Khoo
Wilf Malcolm Institute of Educational Research
Senior Research Fellow

Technology, Environmental, Mathematics, and Science Education Research Centre
Researcher (Digitally Mediated Education)

(+64) 7 838 4466 ext 6260
TW1.09
ekhoo@waikato.ac.nz

Qualifications

PhD, University of Waikato, New Zealand

MA (Psychology), Vanderbilt University, USA

BEd (Hons) (Major: Guidance & Counselling, minor: TESL),  Agricultural University of Malaysia, Malaysia (now known as Universiti Putra Malaysia)

Research Interests

Elaine’s research interests include teaching and learning in information and communication technologies (ICTs) and online learning environments at the  classroom and tertiary levels with particular interests in online learning communities and communities of practice as effective approaches in online teaching and learning environments. 

Background

I am a Senior Research Fellow at the Wilf Malcolm Institute of Educational Research (WMIER) in the Faculty of Education at Waikato University. I have research interests in teaching and learning in information and communication technologies (ICTs) including online and Web 2.0 based environments. My PhD research, focused on effective online pedagogies with particular interests in online learning communities, provides the ground for my interests. I have worked as a researcher on a number of externally funded research projects associated with these interests across the primary, secondary and tertiary levels. I have led/ co-led two externally funded and innovative projects that have extended understandings in this field. My interests also include participatory learning cultures and collaborative research, including work with the national and international Collaborative Action Research Network (CARN). One of my key life aspirations is to encourage teachers and learners to see the potential of different ICTs for enhancing teaching and learning and how they can realistically adopt ICTs to transform their teaching and learning practices. 

I previously worked as a lecturer in Malaysia at Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) at the Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development.  I had been Head of the Learning Technology Core research Group and Programme Coordinator for the undergraduate Teacher Education Programme as well as collaborated on a range of local and international research in effective ICT-based learning environments. 

Affiliations

  • Executive member, Flexible Learning Association of New Zealand (FLANZ, formerly known as DEANZ)
  • Editorial board member for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy
  • New Zealand Association for Research in Education (NZARE
  • New Zealand Collaborative Action and Research Network (NZCA and RN)
  • Australian and New Zealand mobile learning group (anzMLearn)
  • Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)
  • Reviewer for British Journal of Educational Technology (BJET), International Journal of Virtual and Personal Learning Environments (IJVPLE). E-Learning and Digital Media, International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL), Australasian Journal of Educational Technology (AJET), Distance Education, Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning (JOFDL), Waikato Journal of Education (WJE), International Journal of Inclusive Education, International Journal of Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Teaching(IJCALLT), Teachers and Curriculum, Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, GlobalLearn conferences (2010-2011).
  • Guest co-editor for Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance learning (special issue from the DEANZ2016 conference, 2016), Guest co-editor for Computers in New Zealand Schools(CINZS) (special issue on Assessment and ICTs: Innovative practices and future possibilities, 2012)

Recent Publications and Conference Presentation

Khoo, E. & Hight, C. (in press). Software literacy. In M. Khosrow­-Pour (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology (4th edition). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Khoo, E. & Cowie, B. (in press). Trial-and-error, Googling and talk: Engineering students taking initiative out of class. In Corrigan, D., Bunnting, C., Jones, A. & Gunstone, R. (Eds.), Navigating the changing landscape of formal and informal science learning opportunities. Springer.

Cowie, B., & Khoo, E. (2017). Accountability through access, authenticity and advocacy when researching with young children. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 21(3), 234-247. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603116.2016.1260821

Khoo, E., & Wright, N. (2016). Editorial: Charting flexible pathways in open, mobile and distance education. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 20(2), 1–5. Available at: http://jofdl.nz/index.php/JOFDL/article/view/307/204

Khoo, E. (2016). iPad-supported learning and development for a child with mild cerebral palsy. In N. Kucirkova & G. Falloon (Eds.), Apps, Technology and Younger Learners: International evidence for teaching (pp.167-182). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Johnson, M., Khoo, E., & Peter, M. (in press). Research as a catalyst for cross-disciplinary partnerships amongst university lecturers. In R. McNae & B. Cowie (Eds.), Realizing Innovative Partnerships in Educational Research: Theories and methodologies. Sense.

Khoo, E., Falloon, G., Nguyen, N. (2016). iPad-mediated talk in young children’s learning and exploration of interests. In N. Wright (Ed.), DEANZ2016 Proceedings: There and back again:Charting flexible pathways in open, mobile and distance education (pp. 163-167). DEANZ2016 Conference. 17-20 April 2016. University of Waikato, Hamilton.

Peter, M., Khoo, E., Scott, J., & Round, H. (2016). Learning threshold concepts in an undergraduate engineering flipped classroomIn N. Wright (Ed.), DEANZ2016 Proceedings: There and back again:Charting flexible pathways in open, mobile and distance education (pp. 111-115). DEANZ2016 Conference. 17-20 April 2016. University of Waikato, Hamilton.

Al Lily, A., Foland, J., Stoloff, D., Gogus, A., Erguvan, I., Awshar, M., Tondeur, J., Hammond, M., Venter, I., Jerry, P., Vlachopoulos, D., Oni, A., Liu, Y., Badosek, R., López de la Madrid, M., Mazzoni, E., Lee, H., Kinley, K., Kalz, M., Sambuu, U., Bushnaq, T., Pinkwart, N., Adedokun-Shittu, N., Zander, P., Oliver, K., Pombo, L., Sali, J., Gregory, S., Tobgay, S., Joy, M., Elen, J., Jwaifell, M., Said, M., Al-Saggaf, Y., Naaji, A., White, J., Jordan, K., Gerstein, J., Yapici, İ., Sanga, C., Nleya, P., Sbihi, B., Lucas, M., Mbarika, V., Reiners, T., Schön, S., Sujo-Montes, L., Santally, M., Häkkinen, P., Al Saif, A., Gegenfurtner, A., Schatz, S., Vigil, V., Tannahill, C., Partida, S., Zhang, Z., Charalambous, K., Moreira, A., Coto, M., Laxman, K., Farley, H., Gumbo, M., Simsek, A., Ramganesh, E., Birzina, R., Player-Koro, C., Dumbraveanu, R., Ziphorah, M., Mohamudally, N., Thomas, S., Romero, M., Nirmala, M., Cifuentes, L., Osaily, R., Omoogun, A., Seferoglu, S., Elçi, A., Edyburn, D., Moudgalya, K., Ebner, M., Bottino , R., Khoo, E., Pedro, L., Buarki, H., Román-Odio, C., Qureshi, I., Khan, M., Thornthwaite, C., Kerimkulova, S., Downes, T., Malmi, L., Bardakci, S., Itmazi, J., Rogers, J., Rughooputh, S., Akour, M., Henderson, J., de Freitas, S. and Schrader, P. (2016). Academic domains as political battlegrounds: A global enquiry by 99 academics in the fields of education and technology. Information Development. doi:10.1177/0266666916646415.

Khoo, E., Hight, C., Torrens, R., & Cowie, B. (2016). Copy, cut and Paste: How does this shape what we know? Final report. Wellington: Teaching and Learning Research Initiative. Available at http://www.tlri.org.nz/tlri-research/research-completed/post-school-sector/copy-cut-and-paste-how-does-shape-what-we-know

Khoo, E., Peter, M., & Cowie, B. (2015). Re-engineering an engineering course: How flipped classrooms afford transformative teaching, learning, and workplace competency. Journal of Research in STEM Education, 1(1), 71-76. Retrieved from http://j-stem.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/6_NZ.pdf

Khoo, E., Merry, R., & Bennett, T. (2015). “I want to say…”: Privileging young children’s voice in iPad-supported assessment for learning. Early Childhood Folio, 19(1), 3-9. doi: http://dx.doi .org/10.18296/ecf.0002

Bonk, C. J., & Khoo, E. G. L. (2015). 在线学习动机与激励: TEC-VARIETY 模型 ——激励和留住在线学习者的 100 个活动.

Forbes, D. & Khoo, E. (2015). Voice over distance: a case of podcasting for learning in online teacher educationDistance Education, 36 (3), 335-350. doi: 10.1080/01587919.2015.1084074

Khoo, E., Merry, R., Bennett, T., & MacMillan, N. (2015). “It’s about the relationships that we build”: iPad supported relational pedagogy (Ngā Hononga) with young children. In N. Wright & D. Forbes (Eds.), Digital Smarts: Enhancing learning and teaching (pp. 8-26). Hamilton, New Zealand: Wilf Malcolm Institute of Educational Research. Available at: http://www.waikato.ac.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/260838/Digital-smarts.pdf.pdf

Khoo, E., Merry, R., & Nguyen, N.H., Bennett, T., & MacMillan, N.  (2015). iPads and opportunities for teaching and learning for young children (iPads n kids). Hamilton, New Zealand: Wilf Malcolm Institute of Educational Research.

Cowie, B. & Khoo, E (2015). Children Learning Science in and for a Participatory Culture. In D. Corrigan, C. Buntting, J. Dillon, A. Jones, & R. Gunstone (Eds.), The Future in Learning Science: What’s in it for the Learner? (pp. 175-191). New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-16543-1

Williams, J., Otrel-Cass, K., Khoo, E., Cowie, B., Saunders, K., & Van Der Merwe, S. (2015). The Implementation of e-Networks to Support Inquiry Learning in Science. In C. Koh (Ed.), Motivation, Leadership and Curriculum design: Engaging the Net Generation and 21st Century Learners (pp.201-213). Singapore: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-981-287-230-2_16

Khoo, E., Scott, J., Peter, M. & Round, H. (2015). Evaluating Flipped Classrooms with respect to Threshold Concepts Learning in Undergraduate Engineering. In Frontiers in Education(FIE 2015): Launching a new vision in Engineering education (pp. 738-741). NJ: IEEE October 21 -24, 2015 El Paso, Texas

Khoo, E., Peter, M., & Scott, J. (2015). I could replay the videos: Evaluating the effectiveness of instructional videos in a threshold concept-based flipped classroom in electronic engineering. In A. Oo, A. Patel, T. Hilditch & S. Chandran (Eds.), The Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE2015) (pp. 422-431). Victoria, Australia: Deakin University.

Khoo, E. Hight, C., Torrens, R., & Ranger, G. (2015). Tracing software learning and application from formal into informal workplace learning of CAD software. In A. Oo, A. Patel, T. Hilditch & S. Chandran (Eds.), The Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE2015) (pp. 515-524). Victoria, Australia: Deakin University.

Peter, M., Khoo, E., Scott, J., & Round, H. (2015). Reengineering an Engineering course: How Flipped Classrooms Afford Transformative Teaching, Learning, and Workplace competency. ECER 2015 “Education and Transition” conference, 8–11 September. Budapest, Hungary.

Khoo, E. & Falloon, G. (2014). “Remember your swipy finger?” Understanding iPad mediated talk in young children’s learning and exploration. AARE-NZARE 2014 Conference. Brisbane, Australia; 30 November – 4 December 2014.

Khoo, E., Hight, C., Cowie, B., & Torrens, R. (2014). Copy, cut and paste: How does this shape what we know? AARE-NZARE 2014 Conference. Brisbane, Australia; 30 November – 4 December 2014.

Hight, C., Khoo, E., Cowie, B., & Torrens, R. (2014). Software literacies in the tertiary environment. In B. Hegarty, J. McDonald, & S.-K. Loke (Eds.), Rhetoric and Reality: Critical perspectives on educational technology: Proceedings ascilite 2014 (pp. 410-415). Dunedin, New Zealand. Available at http://ascilite.org/conferences/dunedin2014/files/concisepapers/65-Hight.pdf

Khoo, E., Hight, C., Torrens, R., & Duke, M. (2014). It runs slow and crashes often”: Exploring engineering students’ software literacy of a computer-aided design software. In A. Bainbridge-Smith, Z.T. Qi, & G. S. Gupta (Eds.), Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE2014). Palmerston North, New Zealand: School of Engineering & Advanced Technology, Massey University. Available at http://www.aaee2014.org/page.php?17

Bennett, T., Khoo, E., Merry, R., & MacMillan, N. (2014). Using the iPad as a communicative device to foster young children’s spatial awareness. Conversations about Technology in the Early Years (CATEY) conference. Auckland, 14th November, 2014.

Khoo, E., Hight, C., Cowie,B., Torrens. R., & Ferrarelli, L. (2014). Software literacy and student learning in the tertiary environment: PowerPoint and beyond. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 18(1), 30–45. 

Bonk, C. J. & Khoo, E. (2014). Adding some TEC-VARIETY: 100+ Activities for motivating and retaining learners online. OpenWorldBooks.com and Amazon CreateSpace. Free eBook available at: http://tec-variety.com/; Paperback and Kindle versions at: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1496162722/ and https://www.createspace.com/4668470

Khoo, E. & Cowie, B. (2014). But the learning has already passed: Rethinking the role of time in e-mediated learning settingsE-Learning and Digital Media, 11(2), 176-190. http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/elea.2014.11.2.176

Falloon, G. & Khoo, E. (2014). Exploring young students’ talk in iPad-supported collaborative learning environments. Computers & Education, 77, 13-28. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2014.04.008

Cowie, B. & Khoo, E. (2014). Digital Tools Disrupting Tertiary Students’ Notions of Disciplinary Knowledge: Cases in History and TourismEducation Sciences, 4(1), 87-107.

Otrel-Cass, K., Khoo, E, & Cowie, B. (2014). Networked environments that create hybrid spaces for learning Science. E-Learning and Digital Media,11(1), 88-104.

Khoo. E., Merry. R., Nguyen, N.H., Bennett. T., & MacMillan. N. (2014). Early childhood education teachers’ iPad supported practices in young children’s learning and explorationComputers in New Zealand Schools: Learning, teaching, technology, 25 (1-3), 3-20.

Williams, J., Cowie, B., Khoo, E., Saunders K., Taylor, S.,  & Otrel-Cass, K.  (2013). The implementation of e-network supported inquiry learning in science. Set: Research Information for Teachers, 3, 11-19. Available at http://www.nzcer.org.nz/nzcerpress/set/articles/implementing-e-network-supported-inquiry-learning-science

Khoo, E., Forbes, D., & Johnson, E. M. (2013). “Hearing the thoughts of others”: Student voices and affordances of podcasting for learning. In H. Carter, M. Gosper and J. Hedberg (Eds.), Electric Dreams. Proceedings ascilite 2013 Sydney. (pp.481-486). Available at http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/sydney13/program/proceedings.pdf

Hight, C., Khoo, E., Cowie, B., & Torrens, R. (2013). “The slides are part of the cake”: PowerPoint, software literacy and tertiary education. In H. Carter, M. Gosper, and J. Hedberg (Eds.), Electric Dreams. Proceedings ascilite Sydney 2013. (pp.379-384). Available at http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/sydney13/program/proceedings.pdf

Cowie, B. & Khoo, E. (2013). Tracing online lecturer orchestration of multiple roles and scaffolds over time. In E. Barberà & P. Reimann (Eds.), Assessment and Evaluation of Time Factors in Online Teaching and Learning (pp.1-23). Hershey, PA: IGI Publishers. doi: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4651-3.ch001. See http://www.igi-global.com/book/assessment-evaluation-time-factors-online/77392

Johnson, M., Khoo, E., & Campbell, L. (2013). Cycles of Teacher Reflection: Using Course-Cast Software to Enhance Fully Online Language Teacher Education. In J.C. Rodriguez & C. Pardo-Ballester (Eds.), Design-based research in CALL. CALICO Monograph Series, Volume 11 (pp. 109-125). Texas: CALICO Texas State University.

Williams, J., Cowie, C., Khoo, E., Saunders, K., Taylor, S., & Otrel-Cass, K. (2013). Networked inquiry learning in secondary science classrooms. Wellington. Teaching Learning Research Initiative. Available at http://www.tlri.org.nz/sites/default/files/projects/9291_summaryreport.pdf

Merry, R., Khoo, E., Bennett, T., & MacMillan, N. (2013). The “iPads N Kids” project: An Exploration of the iPad’s Educational Affordances. 50th Annual NZCA Conference & AGM. Wellington, New Zealand; 19th -21st July 2013.

Williams, J., Saunders, K., Khoo, E., & Cowie, B. (2013). Networked Inquiry Learning in Secondary Science classrooms. The 44th Annual Conference of the Australasian Science Education Research Association (ASERA). Wellington, New Zealand; 2nd-5th July 2013. 

Khoo, E, Johnson, M., & Zahra, A. (2012). I learnt a whole lot more than churning out an essay: Using online tools to support critical collaborative inquiry in a blended learning environment. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 16(1), 127-140.  http://journals.akoaotearoa.ac.nz/index.php/JOFDL/article/view/94

Khoo, E., & Cowie, B. (2012).  Editorial: Assessment and ICTs, innovative practices and future possibilities.Computers in New Zealand Schools, 24(2), 84-89. Retrieved from http://www.otago.ac.nz/cdelt/cinzs/otago063718.html

Otrel-Cass, K., Khoo, E., & Cowie, B. (2012). Scaffolding with and through videos: An example of ICT-TPACK. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 12(4). Retrieved from http://www.citejournal.org/vol12/iss4/science/article1.cfm

Khoo, E., Otrel-Cass, K., Saunders, K., & Andrews, S. (2012). “They can all work and contribute at their own pace”: E-network tools in support of science inquiry. New Zealand Association for Research in Education (NZARE) Conference and Annual Meeting 2012. Hamilton, New Zealand; 29-30th November 2012.

Khoo, E., Merry, R., Bennett, T., Macmillan, N., & Nguyen, N. (2012). Exploring the educational affordances of iPads for young children: The ”˜iPads N Kids’ project. New Zealand Association for Research in Education (NZARE) Conference and Annual Meeting 2012. Hamilton, New Zealand; 29-30th November 2012.

Williams, P. J., Khoo, E., Saunders, K., Cowie, B., Otrel-Cass, K., & Taylor, S. (2012). An investigation of networked inquiry in junior secondary science classrooms. New Zealand Association for Research in Education (NZARE) Conference and Annual Meeting 2012. Hamilton, New Zealand; 29-30th November 2012.

Forbes, D., Khoo, E., & Johnson, M. (2012). It gave me a much more personal connection”: Student-generated podcasting and assessment in teacher education. Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education Conference (ASCILITE 2012). Wellington, New Zealand; 25-28th November, 2012.

Khoo, E., & Merry, R. (2012). The ”˜iPads N Kids’ project: Research on iPads and Opportunities for Teaching and Learning for Young Children.  Presentation at mLearning Day. University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand; 16th November, 2012.

Saunders, K., Khoo, E., Otrel-Cass, K., Taylor, S., Cutler, D., Andrews, S., Taylor, C., Dudli, S., & Critchley, J. (2012). “We were learning from each other”: E-tools that support science inquiry. NZASE Science Conference 2012 (SciCon 2012), University of Auckland, NZ; 1st-4th July 2012. 

Khoo, E., Williams, J., Otrel-Cass, K., Cutler, D., Ballard, M., & Critchley, J. (2012). Observing, recording, and reviewing:  Using mobile phones in support of science inquiry. The 43rd Annual Conference of the Australasian Science Education Research Association (ASERA). University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia;27- 30th June, 2012.

Otrel-Cass, K., Khoo, E., Cowie, B., Williams, J., Saunders, K., & Taylor, S. (2012).  Using Moodle for inquiry-based activities: Tracing changing classroom practices. The Fibonacci Project 2nd European Conference, "Inquiry Based Science & Mathematics Education: Bridging the gap between education research and practice". University of Leicester, UK; 26 - 27th April 2012. 

Khoo, E., Johnson, M., & Zahra, A. (2012). Using Wikis to Promote Authentic Student Collaborative Inquiry in a Postgraduate Tourism Course. CAUTHE National Conference, The New Golden Age of Tourism and Hospitality. Melbourne; 6-9th February 2012.

Khoo, E., & Cowie, B. (2011).  A sociocultural evaluation of an online learning community: Personal, interpersonal and community planes of development and transformations (pp. 225-240). In M. Bhattacharya, N. Mach, & M. Moallem (Eds.), Emerging Technologies for Learning: Impact on Cognition and Culture. Chesapeake, VA: AACE.

Khoo, E., & Cowie, B. (2011). Cycles of negotiation and reflection: A negotiated intervention approach to promote online teacher development and transformations. Educational Action Research Journal, 19(3), 345-361.

Khoo, E. & Forret, M. (2011).  Evaluating an online learning community: Intellectual, social and emotional development and transformations. Waikato Journal of Education, 16(1), 123-142. http://researchcommons.waikato.ac.nz/handle/10289/6143

Khoo, E, Johnson, E M, Torrens, R, Fulton, J. (2011). It only took 2 clicks and he'd lost me: Dimensions of inclusion and exclusion in ICT supported tertiary engineering education. In Y. M. Al-Abdeli & E. Lindsay (Eds.) 22nd Annual Conference for the Australasian Association for Engineering Education, 5-7 December 2011 (p.166-171)Engineers Australia: Fremantle, Western Australia.

Khoo, E, & Cowie, B. (2011). A framework for developing and implementing an online learning community. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 15(1), 47-59. http://journals.akoaotearoa.ac.nz/index.php/JOFDL/article/viewFile/12/15

Khoo, E. & Forret, M. (2011). Investigating online student roles as a basis for understanding learning and development in a learning community. In S. Barton, J. Hedberg, & K. Suzuki (Eds.), Proceedings of Global Learn Asia Pacific 2011 (pp. 1257-1265). AACE. Retrieved from http://www.editlib.org/p/37328

Johnson, E. M., Khoo, E., Cowie, B., De Lange, W., Torrens, R. (2011). ICT/elearning for developing visual spatial thinking in university science teaching. In A. Verbraeck, M. Helfert, J. Cordeiro, B. Shishkov (Eds.), CSEDU 2011: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Supported Education, 6-8 May 2011 (p.73-78). SciTePress, Noordwijkerhout: The Netherlands

Johnson, E. M., Cowie, B., De Lange, W., Falloon, G., Hight, C. & Khoo, E. (2011). Adoption of innovative e-learning support for teaching: A multiple case study at the University of Waikato. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 27(3), 499-513. http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet27/johnson.html

Otrel-Cass, K, Cowie, B, Khoo, E. (2011). Collaborative practices using computers and the internet in science classrooms. Waikato Journal of Education, 16(1), 5-19.

Otrel-Cass, K, Cowie, B, Khoo, E. (2011). The SCIAnTICT project: Technology-enhanced teaching and learning of primary science. Set: Research Information for Teachers, 3, 26-31. 

Otrel-Cass, K., Khoo, E., Cowie, B. & Basel, A. (2011). Networked inquiry learning in secondary science classrooms. Australian and New Zealand Communication Association (ANZCA) 2011 Conference.  The University of Waikato, Hamilton, 6-8 July 2011.

Otrel-Cass, K., Khoo, E., Cowie, B., & Basel, A. (2011). Student, teacher and researcher collaborations using e-networks: Examples from a secondary science research project. New Zealand Association for Research in Education (NZARE) Conference and Annual Meeting 2011. Bay of Plenty Polytechnic, Tauranga, New Zealand; 28 November-1 December 2011.

Otrel-Cass, K., Ballard, M., Andrews, S., Cutler, D., Cowie, B., Khoo, E. & Taylor, S. (2011) E-Networking Tools in Support of Secondary Science Inquiry. Science Education Research Symposium. The University of Auckland, New Zealand; 24-25 November 2011.

Johnson, E. M., Cowie, B., & Khoo, E. (2011). Exploring elearning practices across the disciplines in a university environment. Summary Report. Wellington: Teaching Learning Research Initiative. Retrieved from http://tlri.org.nz/exploring-e-learning-practices-across-disciplines-university-environment

Otrel-Cass, K., Cowie, B. & Khoo, E. (2011). Augmenting primary teaching and learning science through ICT. Summary Report. Wellington: Teaching Learning Research Initiative. Retrieved from http://www.tlri.org.nz/sites/default/files/projects/9271_otrel-cass-summaryreport.pdf

Khoo, E., Forret, M., & Cowie, B. (2010).  Lecturer-student views on successful online learning environments. Waikato Journal of Education, 15(3), 17-34. http://researchcommons.waikato.ac.nz/handle/10289/6147

Otrel-Cass, K, Cowie, B & Khoo, E. (2010). ICT in support of science teaching and learning: Teaching landforms and erosion. SET: Research Information for Teachers, 3, 15-21.

Khoo, E. G. L. (2010). Developing an online learning community: A strategy for improving lecturer and student learning experiences. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Available at http://researchcommons.waikato.ac.nz//handle/10289/3961

Khoo, E. & Cowie, B. (2010). Analysing an Online Learning Community from Personal, Interpersonal and Community Planes of Development. In Z. W. Abas, I. Jung, & J. Luca (Eds.), Proceedings of Global Learn Asia Pacific 2010 (pp. 4222-4231). AACE.  Retrieved from http://editlib.org/p/34523/.

Johnson, E. M., Khoo, E., & Cowie, B. (2010). Exploring eLearning practices in a university environment: The case of Earth Science and Engineering. New Zealand Association for Research in Education (NZARE) Conference and Annual Meeting 2010. The University of Auckland, New Zealand; 6-9 December 2010.

Otrel-Cass, K., Cowie, B., & Khoo, E. (2010). Collaborative learning practices in science classrooms: Possibilities and boundaries using computers and the internet. 41st Annual Conference of Australasian Science Education Research Association Ltd. Port Stephens, New South Wales, Australia; 30 June - 3 July 2010.

Otrel-Cass, K., Khoo, E., & Cowie, B. (2010). Information in context - Instances of ICT fostering active student engagement in primary earth science classrooms. New Zealand Association for Research in Education (NZARE) Conference and Annual Meeting 2010. The University of Auckland, New Zealand; 6-9 December 2010.

Khoo, E., Forret, M., & Cowie, B. (2009). Developing an online learning community: A model for enhancing lecturer and student learning experiences. In Same places, different spaces. Proceedings ascilite Auckland 2009. http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/auckland09/procs/khoo.pdf

Otrel-Cass, K, Cowie, B & Khoo, E. (2009). Video as a flexible tool for supporting teacher and student talk in primary science classrooms. International Science Education Conference. Singapore; 24-26 November 2009.

Otrel-Cass, K,Khoo, E. & Cowie, B. (2009). SCIAnTICT, Science classroom investigations of the affordances in teaching with ICT. New Zealand Association for Research in Education (NZARE) Conference and Annual Meeting 2009. Distinction Hotel, Rotorua, New Zealand; 30 November - 4 December 2009.

Khoo, E., Forret, M., & Cowie, B. (2008). Online learning communities: A strategy for improving learning. Distance Education Association of New Zealand Conference 2008 (DEANZ 2008). Te Papa Tongarewa, Museum of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand; 17-20 August 2008. Retrieved from http://www.deanz.org.nz/home/images/stories/conference/2008/khoo-etal-reviewedpaper.pdf

Khoo, E. G. L (2007). Pushing the envelope for pedagogically sound online teaching and learning practices. Insight@Unimas: Teaching & Learning Bulletin, http://www.calm.unimas.my/insite_v10/ , Kota Samarahan, Malaysia: Unimas.

Khoo, E. (2006). The Negotiated Intervention Strategy: A case study on online teacher development.  Paper reviewed and presented at the International Conference on Distance and Collaborative E-Learning (DCEL), 4-5 January, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Rethinasamy, P., Ramainair, J., Khoo, E. (2006). Social Constructivism in an Online Learning Environment. Paper reviewed and published in the Proceedings for the 5th Asia CALL 2006 International Conference, 27-29 November, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Tiong, A. S. W. & Khoo, E.G.L. (2006). The Effect of Online Collaborative Activities on Fostering Undergraduate Students’ Learning: A Case Study. Paper reviewed and published in the Proceedings for the Seminar in E-Learning (S-eP06), 8-10 December, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Forret, M., Khoo, E., & Cowie, B. (2005). New wine or new bottle - What's new about online teaching? (pp. 253-273).  In A. D. d. Figueiredo & A. P. Afonso (Eds.), Managing Learning in Virtual Settings: The Role of Context: Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.

Khoo, E., Forret, M. & Cowie, B. (2005). Teacher development in online teaching: A negotiated intervention strategy. Paper presented at the Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education Conference (ASCILITE 2005), 4-7 December. Retrieved from the ASCILITE 2005 Conference Web site: http://ascilite.org.au/conferences/brisbane05/blogs/proceedings/40_Khoo.pdf 


Khoo, E. G. L. (2005). Extricating the Web of learning: The case for learning communities. In C.-K. Looi, D. Jonassen & M. Ikeda (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE2005) (Towards Sustainable and Scalable Educational Innovations Informed by the Learning Sciences, Volume 133, Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, pp. 736-739). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press.

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