Blended and online teaching

When designing your online or blended course we recommend you keep five principles in mind to create a 'buzz' in your course. These are by no means exhaustive, but we believe they will result in a course design that provides a sweet experience for you and your students.

Be present

Be clear

Be hive-minded

Be engaging

Be reflective

The team at the Centre for Tertiary Teaching and Learning (CeTTL) is available to assist with your online course design. To get in touch, email or log a job for eLearning assistance in Kuhukuhu.

Selected books on blended and online learning

Anderson, T. (Ed.). (2008). The theory and practice of online learning. Retrieved from

Conrad, R-M., & Donaldson, J. (2012) Continuing to engage the online learner: activities and resources for creative instruction (updated edition). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Garrison, D. R. (2011). E-learning in the 21st century: A framework for research
and practice
 (2nd ed.). London, England: Routledge

New Media Consortium. (2017). NMC Horizon Report 2017 Higher Education. Retrieved from

Nichols, M. (2010). Designing for e-learning. E-Primer Series, 3. Retrieved from

Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (2007). Online learning communities in perspective. In R. Luppicini (Ed.), Online learning communities (pp. 3-16). Charlotte, NC: Information Age.

Salmon, G. (2007). 80:20 for e-moderators. cms-journal 29. 39-43. Retrieved from

Selected articles on blended and online learning

Bangert, A.W. (2004). The seven principles of good practice: A framework for evaluating online teachingThe Internet and Higher Education, 7, 217-232. Retrieved from Elsevier

Torrance, M. (2015). Agile learner personas for Instructional Design. Retrieved from

White, David S., & Le Cornu, A. (2011). Visitors and residents: a new typology for online engagement. Retrieved from

Useful websites

  • Gilly Salmon - website of eLearning leader and practitioner Gilly Salmon outlining key design models and teaching concepts such as the Five Stages Model and e-moderating
  • CoI - outline and articles explaining the Community of Inquiry model created by Terry Anderson and Randy Garrison