7. 2010 Student and Academic Profile

In 2010, approximately 80 qualifications were offered, including 20 undergraduate degrees, 38 graduate degrees, six postgraduate degrees and a wide range of specialist certificates and graduate and postgraduate diplomas. Students were able to choose from approximately 260 different subjects, delivered in a variety of classroom, mixed media, distance and e-learning modes.

7.1 2010 student profile (see Glossary and Definitions)

Contribution to national university provision
Based on the most recently published data on tertiary participation the University of Waikato enrols

  • approximately 7% of New Zealand’s domestic university students
  • approximately 8% of New Zealand’s total university EFTS (domestic and international)
  • approximately 17% of New Zealand’s Māori university students.

EFTS by funding source

  • 12,642 students were enrolled at the University of Waikato in 2010, equivalent to 10,415 EFTS
  • 82% of EFTS were generated by MF students
  • 16% of EFTS were generated by FCI students
  • 0.4% of EFTS were generated by FCO students
  • 1.6% of EFTS were generated by ACE students
EFTS by funding source

EFTS by level

  • 7% of EFTS were generated by sub-degree students; of these, 23% (168 EFTS) were generated by ACE students
  • 76% of EFTS were generated by degree level students
  • 17% of EFTS were generated by postgraduate students; of these, 26% (474 EFTS) were generated by candidates for PhDs and other doctorates
EFTS by level

Qualification completions

3,730 students completed 4,005 qualifications, of which:

  • 21% were foundation certificates
  • 52% were degrees and graduate diplomas
  • 27% were graduate degrees and postgraduate qualifications
Qualification completions

New v. returning students

  • 29% of students were new to the University of Waikato
  • 71% of students were returners
New v. returning students

Transition to University of Waikato

Of new students:

  • 41% had transferred from other tertiary institutions
  • 39% were school-leavers
  • 20% were new to tertiary study (and not school-leavers)
Transition to University of Waikato

Age profile

  • 62% of students were under 25 years of age
  • 38% of students were 25 years of age or older
Age profile


  • 83% of students had domestic citizenship
  • 17% of students had international citizenship (and not domestic citizenship)

Origins of domestic students

Of domestic students:

  • 76% came from the University’s main catchment 4
  • 13% came from the University’s inner and outer peripheries
  • 6% came from the Auckland region
  • 2% came from the Wellington region
  • 1% came from the South Island
  • 2% came from overseas
Origins of domestic students

Origins of international students

Of international students:

  • 43% came from China
  • 25% came from other parts of Asia
  • 13% came from the Middle East
  • 8% came from Europe
  • 7% came from America
  • 4% came from the Pacific Islands
  • 1% came from other parts of the world
Origins of international students

Ethnicity of domestic students

Of domestic students:

  • 56% were Pakeha/European
  • 22% were Māori
  • 4% were Pacific Islanders
  • 3% were Chinese
  • 3% were of other Asian ethnicities
  • 3% were Indian
  • 9% were of other ethnicities
Ethnicity of domestic students

Tauranga enrolments

  • 5% of the University’s total EFTS were generated by students enrolled in papers delivered in Tauranga.
  • 98% of Tauranga EFTS were generated by MF students.
  • 2% of Tauranga EFTS were generated by FCI students.

Adult and community education enrolments

  • 180 EFTS (including nominals) were generated by students enrolled for Adult and Community Education (non-assessed) courses.

7.2 International student trends

The University’s FCI EFTS peaked in 2003 (at 2,893 EFTS), representing almost 25% of its total EFTS, and remained at approximately that level through to 2006. Like most other tertiary providers, the University experienced a severe downturn in the international student market in 2007.

FCI EFTS in 2010 were approximately the same as in 2009 (1,670 and 1,664 respectively) but represented a shortfall of almost 9% against the budgeted target (1,817 EFTS).

In 2010, FCI EFTS (1,664 EFTS) were 16% of total EFTS, which represented a more stable level in terms of the University’s student profile overall and also in terms of the need to manage and mitigate the risks inevitably associated with a fairly volatile international student market. Proactive steps are also being taken to achieve a more geographically diversified international student profile into the future.

7.3 Māori student trends

Although the number of Māori students enrolled at the University of Waikato has decreased in recent years (from a peak of 2,707 in 1999 to 2,300 in 2010), the number as a proportion of total students has increased quite significantly within a range of 16% to 21% between 2003 and 2010. 17% of total EFTS in 2010 were generated by students who reported as Māori. When measured as a proportion of MF EFTS, the number of Māori EFTS over the last decade has fluctuated only slightly between 21% - 23%. The main focus for the University into the future with regard to Māori academic success is on enhancing the teaching and research capacity of Māori academic staff, leadership in research relevant to the needs and aspirations of iwi and Māori communities, improving Māori student retention and pass rates and lifting progression rates through to postgraduate level.

The levels of Māori enrolments at the University are already consistent with regional demographics.

7.4 Enrolment trends in the Faculties/School

The Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, which had grown by 11% in 2009, grew by a further 2% in 2010.The Faculty’s actual result for MF EFTS in 2010 was 8.5% above its budgeted target. FCI EFTS for the Faculty were 30% (approximately 100 EFTS) lower than its budgeted target for FCI, which represented a significant financial shortfall for the Faculty. In overall terms, the Faculty’s domestic growth compensated for the shortfall in FCI enrolments.

As part of the Faculty’s restructuring in 2010, three new Schools were formed - the School of Arts, the School of Psychology and the School of Social Sciences each generating a comparable volume of EFTS.

Since 2007 the Faculty’s MF teaching in Tauranga has increased from 19 to 95 EFTS. A large proportion of the increase between 2008 and 2010 can be attributed to the introduction of the Bachelor of Social Work. 2010 saw another strong first-year intake for the Social Work programme, and also the first year 3 cohort. The Faculty generated 19% of the University’s total MF EFTS in Tauranga in 2010.

In 2010, the Faculty of Computing and Mathematical Sciences experienced a 6% increase over its actual 2009 EFTS, mainly due to a 25% increase in its FCI EFTS. The Faculty’s actual EFTS were higher than target, and it was the only Faculty to exceed its budgeted FCI EFTS target.

The Department of Computer Science continued to be the largest department within the Faculty, contributing nearly 60% of the Faculty’s total 2010 EFTS. The volume of EFTS generated by the Department of Mathematics in 2010 was comparable with the volume achieved in 2009. The Department of Statistics attracted slightly more EFTS in 2010 than in 2009 - up by approximately 2.5%.

The Faculty of Education, having increased its EFTS by 16.8% in 2009, grew by a further 2% in 2010 (these figures exclude Pathways College EFTS) primarily as a result of continued strong demand for teacher education programmes. As in 2009, the growth was predominantly domestic, with FCI EFTS contributing only a modest proportion of the Faculty’s total EFTS (declining from 7% in 2005 to 2.2% in 2010).

The Faculty’s early childhood education programmes grew by a further 3% in 2010 (having grown by 47% in 2009). The strong demand for primary teacher education continued in 2010, with 837 EFTS being generated by these programmes. Demand for secondary teacher education programmes dipped slightly, down by 2%.

The Faculty’s teaching of MF EFTS in Tauranga has grown to 307 EFTS in 2010, 23% higher than in 2009. Much of the growth in Tauranga has been driven by registration requirements for early childhood teachers. In 2010, the Faculty of Education generated 60% of the University’s total MF EFTS in Tauranga.

As part of the University’s organisational restructure in 2010, the Pathways College became part of the newly formed Faculty of Education. As part of its strategy to reduce sub-degree teaching and increase the proportion of teaching at postgraduate level, the University entered into an arrangement with Wintec for the delivery of its Certificate of University Preparation. Of the total 237 EFTS in this programme in 2010, all but 40 were delivered through Wintec. FCI sub-degree EFTS were 7% lower than in 2009, and slightly short of the 2010 target.

The University delivered its target of 180 Adult and Community Education(ACE) EFTS target in 2010; however for 2011 Government has significantly reduced funding for ACE programmes, and the University’s allocation in 2011 is just 103 EFTS.

The Faculty of Law has experienced year-on-year growth in total EFTS since 2005, a trend that continued in 2010 with a 3.1% increase over 2009. The Diploma of Law was introduced in Tauranga in 2007 and has contributed positively to the Faculty’s overall growth.

While FCI numbers in the Faculty remain relatively small, it experienced positive growth in 2010 (growing from 12 to 18 FCI EFTS) and the Faculty is committed to maintaining this level of growth in FCI EFTS in 2011.

The Faculty of Law generated 6% of the University’s total MF EFTS in Tauranga in 2010.

Total EFTS in the Faculty of Management decreased from 2,664 EFTS in 2009 to 2,643 EFTS in 2010; however, FCI EFTS increased by 4%.

The Department of Accounting continued to be the Faculty’s largest department, and accounted for 19% of the Faculty’s total EFTS. The Departments of Accounting, Finance and Management Systems grew, while EFTS in other departments in the Faculty remained steady. The Department of Finance continued to attract the largest volume of FCI EFTS (17%), followed closely by the Departments of Strategy and Human Resource Management (16.5%) and Accounting (16%).

The Faculty of Management’s MF EFTS at Tauranga were slightly lower in 2010 (72 EFTS) than in 2009 (74 EFTS). The Faculty generated 14% of the University’s total MF EFTS in Tauranga.

Both MF and FCI EFTS in the Faculty of Science and Engineering in 2010 were steady in relation to 2009 levels, through slightly lower than its budgeted targets.

As part of the restructuring in 2010, the Faculty now comprises one School and three departments - the School of Engineering, the Department of Biological Sciences, the Department of Chemistry and the Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences.

EFTS in the School of Engineering grew by 4.5% over 2009, and generated 35% of the Faculty’s total EFTS. Student numbers in the Department of Chemistry were steady in relation to 2009, while both the Department of Biological Sciences and Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences declined slightly over their 2009 actual EFTS, by 4% and 3.5% respectively.

Total EFTS for the School of Māori and Pacific Development in 2010 were similar to 2009 levels. The School continues to attract very small numbers of FCI EFTS (10 EFTS). The School’s STAR programme, which gives secondary school students the opportunity to undertake degree level study as part of their secondary school programme, attracted slightly lower EFTS in 2010 than in 2009 (17 vs 23).

More detailed enrolment statistics are provided in section 14.

  1. The University's main catchment comprises the Waikato and Bay of Plenty regions. The Waikato region is defined as comprising the districts of Waikato and Waikato South, Franklin, Thames-Coromandel, Hauraki, Waipa, Otorohanga, Matamata/Piako, Waitomo and part of Rotorua and Taupo. The Bay of Plenty region is defined as comprising Western Bay of Plenty, Whakatane, Opotiki, and part of Rotorua and Taupo

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