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Conference Papers, Reports, and Theses

Conference paper as part of a book of proceedings

In text citation

(Shobhadevi & Bidarakoppa, 1994)
(Wiersma et al., 2015, p. 495)

or

Shobhadevi and Bidarakoppa (1994) published their …
Wiersma et al. (2015) noted “…” (p. 495)

  • NEW: If there are three or more authors, cite only the first author followed by et al. (short for et alii - Latin for 'and others'). Do not italicise et al.

In reference list

Shobhadevi, Y. J., & Bidarakoppa, G. S. (1994). Possession phenomena: As a coping behaviour. In G. Davidson (Ed.), Applying psychology: Lessons from Asia-Oceania (pp. 83-95). Australian Psychological Society.

Wiersma, G., Glazier, R., Pan, D., & Spratt, S. (2015). Balancing bananas: Collection assessment of patron-driven acquisitions. In B.R. Bernhardt, L. H. Hinds, & K. P. Strauch (Eds.), Where do we go from here? Charleston conference proceedings, 2015 (pp. 493-497).  Purdue University Press.

  • NEW: Conference proceedings published in a journal or book follow the same format as for a journal article, edited book or edited book chapter.
  • NEW: Surnames and initials for up to 20 authors should be provided in the reference list. Use an ampersand before the final author’s name.
  • NEW: When the work has 21 or more authors, include only the first 19 names, an ellipsis (...), and the final name.
  • NEW: Include a DOI if there is one. Do not include URLs or database information from academic research databases like Ebook Central.

Contribution to conference or symposium

In text citation

(Bochner, 1996)

or

Bochner (1996) addressed this ...

In reference list

Bochner, S. (1996, November 25-29). Mentoring in higher education: Issues to be addressed in developing a mentoring program [Paper presentation]. Australian Association for Research in Education Conference, Singapore. http://www.aare.edu.au/96pap/bochs96018.txt

  • NEW: Conference proceedings published in a journal or a book follow the same format as for a journal article, edited book or edited book chapter.
  • A capital letter is used for all keywords in the conference name.
  • Include a label in square brackets after the title that describes how the presentation was described at the conference e.g.[Conference session]. [Poster presentation].
  • NEW: The date should match the date of the full conference e.g. (2016, March 30-April  2).
  • NEW: Include the location of the conference in full, e.g. Australian Psychological Society Congress, Sydney, NSW, Australia. http://bit.ly/2XGSThP
  • NEW: Retrieved from is no longer required before the URL.

Reports

Use this format for reports, codes of ethics, grants, issue briefs, policy briefs, and press releases.

In text citation

(Holmes, 2000)
(New Zealand Psychological Society, 2002)
(Telecom New Zealand, 2007)
(Transportation Research Board, 1988)

or

Holmes (2000) highlights the importance …
New Zealand Psychological Society (2002) …
Telecom New Zealand (2007) …
Transportation Research Board (1988) …

In reference list

Holmes, P. (2000). The intercultural communication experiences of ethnic Chinese students in a Western tertiary institution: Implications for education providers (Working paper 2000-14). University of Waikato, Department of Management Communication.

New Zealand Psychological Society. (2002). Code of ethics: For psychologists working in Aotearoa/New Zealand.

Telecom New Zealand. (2007). Ready to compete, connect, communicate: Annual report 2007. http://annualreport07.telecom.co.nz/download/telecom-annual-report-2007.pdf

Transportation Research Board. (1988). New organizational responses to the changing transit environment (Special Report 217). The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/1135

  • Authors may be group/s or individual/s.
  • The title may be followed by a report number.
  • Include the publisher name.
  • Include a DOI or URL if available.
  • NEW: If there are three or more authors, cite only the first author followed by et al. (short for et alii - Latin for 'and others'). Do not italicise et al.
  • NEW: Surnames and initials for up to 20 authors should be provided in the reference list.
  • NEW: When the work has 21 or more authors, include only the first 19 names, an ellipsis (...), and the final name.
  • Give the name of parent body (i.e. the university) first, followed by the department that produced the document.
  • NEW: Provide the most specific date possible (e.g. 2020, May 2). Use no date (n.d.) if no date of publication is given.
  • NEW: Add URL if retrieved online.
  • NEW: Retrieved from is no longer required before a URL.
  • NEW: When the publisher is the same as the author, omit the publisher statement.
  • If multiple agencies authored a report together, join the names with an ampersand, using commas to separate three or more agencies.
  • Capitalise the names of group authors wherever they appear in the reference.

Thesis - Published online

In text citation

(Liu, 2014)

or

Liu (2014) recommends ...

In reference list

Liu, G. (2014). Improving corporate Internet reporting in China [Doctoral thesis, University of Waikato]. University of Waikato Research Commons. https://researchcommons.waikato.ac.nz/handle/10289/8836

  • NEW: Include either (Doctoral thesis) or (Master's thesis) after the title as appropriate, the university's name, the Archive name, and the URL.
  • NEW: If the thesis is retrieved from a database (e.g. Proquest) or personal website, add e.g. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global instead of the Archive name or URL.
  • NEW: Retrieved from is no longer required before the URL.
  • NEW: Theses from a university outside the United States, only include the university name, geographic location details are no longer required

Thesis - Unpublished (Available in print format only)

In text citation

(McChesney, 2004)

or

McChesney (2004) discusses...

In reference list

McChesney, J. (2004). Number sense in a secondary school context [Unpublished doctoral thesis]. University of Waikato.

  • Include either [Unpublished doctoral thesis] or [Unpublished master's thesis] after the title as appropriate. Add the university's name.