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*Asterisk = examples of errors or poor constructions*.

Student Learning: Grammar

Using apostrophes - Lesson two

  1. 2.1 Possessive pronouns such as mine, hers, his, its, theirs, ours...

    Possessive pronouns are very similar to possessive adjectives.They also have the concept of ownership automatically embedded within the meaning so they never need an apostrophe.

He placed his hand in hers, and they walked quietly away. Victory was theirs.

Whose book is this? If it is yours then someone has stolen ours.

  1. 2.2 Apostrophes in place of a letter (informal):

    Apostrophes are used to indicate that some letters have been omitted from a word.

The government should've seen the riots coming, but they didn't.

As we've shown in our research, it's difficult to teach non-verbal aspects of a language.

The protest movement gained new impetus worldwide in the '60s.

  1. 2.3  What is the difference between's... and ...its...?

    ⇒It's⇐ (with an apostrophe) always means "it is" or "it has".
    ⇒Its⇐ (with no apostrophe) is either a possessive adjective, or a possessive pronoun, and they already mean ownership. That's why they are called possessive - they never use an apostrophe. (You might also be interested in learning more about pronouns).
    Note: "its" and "his" appear on both lists.

I would like to catch the bus to work but it's too inconvenient.

Near Eastern politics had experienced throughout its history a number of political systems.