This paper is not offered for 2018



Prerequisites: BIOEB202, BIOL212 or or New Zealand Diploma in Environmental Management (Level 6)


An introduction to the structure and functioning of marine ecosystems. The paper explores the fundamentals of ecology (e.g. disturbance/recovery, recruitment, organism interactions with their environment, nutrient cycles, limits on productivity) in a marine setting. We also cover human impacts on marine environments including fisheries as well as the design of ecological surveys and experiments. Field trip and practical classes are integral to the paper.

Additional information

  • Paper details current as of 31 May 2024 19:43pm
  • Indicative fees current as of 2 Jun 2024 01:20am