Linking your ideas
Link your ideas
What does it mean to link your ideas?
- Linking your ideas, or cohesion add clarity to your writing.
- Helps the reader see connections between ideas, in a single paragraph, between two different paragraphs and across a whole text.
Achieving Cohesion: Making Words and Sentences Stick Together
Cohesion refers to the specific ways in which writers guide readers through a piece of writing. Cohesion techniques include choosing certain words and constructing sentences that stick together.
Make Word Choice Cohesive: There are FOUR specific ways you can choose to achieve cohesion in a piece of writing: Word Repetition, Synonyms, Pronouns, and Determiners.
Word Repetition: This method includes both exact repetition and the use of different grammatical forms of the same key word.
Synonyms for Key Words and Phrases: Writers sometimes will try to avoid overusing repetition by substituting close synonyms, words or phrases that mean about the same thing.
Pronouns: Writers will use pronouns of various types to refer to the noun or noun phrases elsewhere in the text. Like using synonyms, this is a way to maintain connections between ideas without repeating the same noun phrase.
Determiners: Like pronouns, determiners refer to a specific noun phrase in the text. These words are often articles but are sometimes “limiting adjectives”
(Source: University of Pretoria, Humanities Writing Centre)
Old Information/New Information Order in a Sentence
If you want to make information clear to your reader, it is often useful to use the following structure:
- the old (or known) information is placed at the beginning of the sentence
- the new (or unknown) information is placed at the end of the sentence.
Populations of co-existing, closely related, but diverging variants of HCV RNA molecules (Old information) are termed qausispecies (new information). Quasispecies (old information) occur in many RNA viruses (new information).
Old Information/New Information Example 2
The following resources are useful guides for your assignment writing:
Manchester University Phrasebank