Commas 1

Video (from Youtube): How to use commas correctly, from WaysAndHow (new tab). (Watching time: 5m:04secs)
This video provides an overview of 12 general rules for using commas. Take the ideas that are helpful right now, and do not worry about the others until you need them. You might not quite agree with the way this video explains commas, and that is okay.

Instructions: Hover or tap the questions below to see the reason for the answers given in the quiz.

1. True of false?
You should never place a comma before the word "and".

Why: A comma is not needed before an 'and', but it can be used there to bring emphasis or to make the meaning clearer. See more about the "Oxford" comma (or "serial comma").

2. Write this sentence correctly.
He depicted political carnage social turmoil and moral disharmony.

He depicted political carnage, social turmoil, and moral disharmony.
Why: This list of items uses two-word (adjective + noun) combinations, (but you could also use adverb + adjective combos). Also possible: He depicted political carnage, social turmoil and moral disharmony. ✔

3. Choose the sentence/s that use commas correctly to finish this sentence.
The programme's supporters claim that it promotes...

confidence, participation, stamina and well-being
confidence, participation, stamina, and well-being
Why: One of these answers uses the Oxford comma directly before the "and", and one does not. Both options are correct (just as long as the meaning is not compromised by either choosing to or choosing not to use it).

4. Select the sentence that has the correct use of commas.
She fell in love with a tall dark handsome stranger

She fell in love with a tall, dark, handsome stranger.
Why: When using commas to distinguish separate items in a list, there is no comma after the final item in the list.

5. True or false
Not every describing word in a list in a sentence needs to have a comma after it.

Why: No comma needed after the final item in a list, and no comma needed between word combinations working as one idea (for example "gentle, low impact exercise"... no comma needed after the word "low")