Ask Me Anything sessions: Mon-Fri 9–10 am, 3–4 pm; Te Puna Aurei LearnFest Weds 24 November


Designing online learning

When designing your online course we recommend you keep five principles in mind to create a buzz in your course. These are by no means exhaustive, but we believe they will result in a course design that provides a sweet experience for you and your students.

1 Be present

2 Be clear

3 Be hive-minded

4 Be engaging

5 Be reflective

The team at the Centre for Tertiary Teaching and Learning (CeTTL) is available to assist with your online course design. To get in touch, email [email protected] or log a job for eLearning assistance in Kuhukuhu.

Selected books on blended and online learning

Anderson, T. (Ed.). (2008). The theory and practice of online learning. Retrieved from

Conrad, R-M., & Donaldson, J. (2012) Continuing to engage the online learner: activities and resources for creative instruction (updated edition). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Garrison, D. R. (2011). E-learning in the 21st century: A framework for research
and practice
(2nd ed.). London, England: Routledge

New Media Consortium. (2017). NMC Horizon Report 2017 Higher Education. Retrieved from

Nichols, M. (2010). Designing for e-learning. E-Primer Series, 3. Retrieved from

Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (2007). Online learning communities in perspective. In R. Luppicini (Ed.), Online learning communities (pp. 3-16). Charlotte, NC: Information Age.

Salmon, G. (2007). 80:20 for e-moderators. cms-journal 29. 39-43. Retrieved from

Selected articles on blended and online learning

Bangert, A.W. (2004). The seven principles of good practice: A framework for evaluating online teaching. The Internet and Higher Education, 7, 217-232. Retrieved from Elsevier

Torrance, M. (2015). Agile learner personas for Instructional Design. Retrieved from

White, David S., & Le Cornu, A. (2011). Visitors and residents: a new typology for online engagement. Retrieved from

Useful websites

  • Gilly Salmon - website of eLearning leader and practitioner Gilly Salmon outlining key design models and teaching concepts such as the Five Stages Model and e-moderating
  • CoI - outline and articles explaining the Community of Inquiry model created by Terry Anderson and Randy Garrison