Dr Wendy D Carss

Wendy Carss

Programme leader Bachelor of Teaching; Senior lecturer


Education Research; Literacy Learning

Literacy Education, Oral language, Multiliteracies, Digital literacy, Initial teacher education, Beginning teachers.

Qualifications: B.Ed., PG Dip Language and Literacy, M.Ed, Ph.D

Papers Taught

About Wendy

Senior lecturer in literacy education papers within the Bachelor of Teaching (primary) and Masters of Education programmes.
Supervisor Masters and Ph.D students

2021: Member Context Matters International Advisory Committee (CODE/ILA)

2018-2021:Elected member of the International Literacy Association's Board of Directors

2018-2021: Chair ILA Global Committee

2018: Nominated for Excellence in Tertiary Teaching and the Nola Campbell e-learning Excellence Awards.

Member of the Waikato Literacy Association
Member of the Editorial board for the NZLA journal, Literacy Forum NZ.

Past President of the New Zealand Literacy Association (formerly NZRA) 2008-2012
Past member of the ILA International Development in Oceania Committee (IDOC), 
Past chair of IDOC 2012-2015.

Research Supervised

  • Motivating Year one students to write: using the teacher as writer strategy.
  • Engaging year 3 and 4 students in writing through play-based learning
  • A review of writing and effective strategies for teaching reluctant writers in
    upper-grade primary classrooms in China
  • Investigating reading identities of year one and two New Zealand primary school      students: The formation and shifts in reading identity as literacy is acquired
  • Understanding how Kindergarten Teachers in China conceptualise Play-based
    Learning: A Learning Story Analysis

Research Interests

  • Currently working with educators in Kiribati to develop picture books for preschoolers (UNICEF project).
  • Classroom literacy practices: play-based pedagogies and literacy learning.
  • Beginning teachers and literacy
  • Ph.D research: Investigation into the beliefs and practices of first-year teachers of literacy in New Zealand primary classrooms
  • The use of digital technologies to support literacy development in primary classrooms.

Recent Publications

  • Hollier, C., & Carss, W. (2019). The teacher as a writer. Literacy Forum NZ, 34(2), 23-35. Open Access version:

  • Carss, W. (2019). Exploring the beliefs and practices of first year teachers of literacy in New Zealand primary schools. (PhD Thesis, Univerity of Waikato, Hillcrest Rd, Hamilton, New Zealand). Open Access version:

  • Carss, W. (2019). Student support in online teacher education. In M. A. Peters (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Teacher Education (pp. 1-6). Springer. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-1179-6_61-1

  • Carss, W. D., Tamata, A., & Exley, B. (2015). Catering for cultural and linguistic diversity: using teacher created information texts. Literacy Forum NZ, 30(3), 5-18.

Find more research publications by Wendy Carss