Associate Professor Wayne Rumbles

Qualifications: BA, LLB, LLM (Distinction)

Personal Website:

About Me

Wayne Rumbles graduated BA/LLB in 1997 with majors in Law,  History and English Literature. He completed LLM (Distinction) from the University of Waikato in 1998. He spent three years working in community law and worked for Te Matahauariki Research Institute for 10 years on the Laws and Institutions for Aotearoa/New Zealand project. Wayne has been an academic Te Piringa - Faculty of Law, University of Waikato for 19 years.

Wayne teaches and researches in the areas of Cyber Law, Law and New Technologies, Criminal Law (with a focus on Cyber Crime), and teaches in New Zealand's first Masters in Cyber-Security taught jointly by the  Faculties of Law and Computer and Mathematical  Science.  Wayne is the lead researcher in the Technology in Legal Education New Zealand project (TeLENZ) funded  by the  New Zealand Law  Foundation.

Wayne is the Director the Future: Technology and Society research Group  see

Twitter: @legalwayne | Linkedin: Wayne Rumbles

Papers I Teach

Research Supervised


  • Rachel Tan (in progress) Regulating social media environments: Are existing laws
    sufficient? Is criminalizing hate speech the way forward for New Zealand?
  • Mauricio Kimura (in progress)  Should we ascribe Legal Personality for Autonomous Artificial Intelligence Humanoid? And if so, what kind?
  • Ahmed Aldubayyan (in progress) The Success and Failure of the Existing Privacy Regulations on Cellular Networks Data: (A Comparative Analysis and Suggestions)
  • Tawhana Ball (completed) Regulating Child Pornography on the Internet' or 'New Zealand's Regulation of Internet Child Pornography.
  • Valmaine  Toki (completed) A case for an Indigenous Court- a realisation for Self-Determination"
  • Alvina Edwards Counting Indigeneity; Blood Quantum Ideology in Canada New Zealand and the United States of America.

Professor Rumbles welcomes applicants for doctoral and graduate supervision in any subject within the areas of Cyber-Law, Criminal Justice and Early New Zealand Legal History.

Research Interests

  • New technologies as they interface with the law
  • Indigenous rights particularly in relation to criminal law
  • Media and the law
  • Cyber-Crime
  • The place of law in the virtual world
  • Privacy online
Current Research Projects

1. Regulating the Internet: Theory, Practice and Future Developments

2. Cloud Security: 'Regulating the Cloud' and 'Seeing through the Cloud– Dealing with Privacy in the Cloud'

3. Indigenous Data Sovereignty

This is multidisciplinary and cross-faculty research project. The aim of this research project is to establish the legislative framework for recognising Indigenous data. Data sovereignty in Aotearoa has four core objectives:

  • Identify indigenous rights and interests to data.
  • Describe the legislative framework within which data is currently regulated.
  • Identify how indigenous information is collected, managed and kept secure in data-sharing environments.
  • Establish a legislative framework for recognising and regulating indigenous data.


The Technology in Legal Education for New Zealand (TeLENZ) Project is funded by the New Zealand Law Foundation and is comprised of academic representatives from each of the six New Zealand Law Faculties. The project is led by Associate Professor Wayne Rumbles, at the University of Waikato, Te Piringa - Faculty of Law.

This collaborative project seeks to refine and share IT related aspects of pedagogy in the law curriculum across law faculties in New Zealand with a view to introduce new IT focused material into core legal subjects for second and third year law programs.

This project serves as an opportunity to provide significant enhancements to the systematic teaching of legal education in New Zealand. The global disruption of information technology in the legal profession has been widely documented and is viewed to hold significant risk for the profession where graduates are unprepared for their future digitalised work place.


Computing; Crime; Cryptography; E-commerce; Law; Technology; Treaty of Waitangi

Cyberlaw, New Technologies, Legal History

Recent Publications

  • Rumbles, W. A. (2013). Hacking at the virtual edge. In Law on the Edge. Vancouver, Canada.

  • Rumbles, W. A. (2013). Laws' embryo: Reproducing fears of modern monsters. In 1st Global Conference: The Boundaries of Reproduction: Origins, Bodies Transition and Futures (pp. 10 pages). Prague, Czech Republic.

  • Rumbles, W. A. (2013). Keyboard dreams: Hacker identity and refraction of legal narrative. In 8th Global Conference - CyberCultures - Exploring Critical Issues (pp. 10 pages). Prague, Czech Republic.

  • Rumbles, W. (2012). Through the looking glass: Hacker culture reflected in law and the public imagination. In S. Baumann (Ed.), Cybercultures: Cultures in Cyberspace Communities (pp. 121-142). Oxford, UK: Inter-Disciplinary Press.

Find more research publications by Wayne Rumbles

Contact Details

Email: [email protected]
Room: Law.4.10
Phone: +64 7 838 4169