The Population Change research theme concentrates on the sub-national dimensions of demographic , social and economic transformation, the dynamics and implications of which are not uniformly unfolding across the country. Projects will investigate the sequentially unfolding nature of regional shifts from natural population growth to decline; associated work and settlement patterns; the changing patterns and role of urban settlements in Aotearoa/New Zealand's society and economy; changing ethno-demographic composition of national and subnational populations and the special role of Māori within it; and the implications of all these phenomena for land and resource use as well as for the built environment.

A key objective of this research theme is to maintain and build on Te Ngira's reputation for providing timely analysis of population change for iwi, local government and community organisations.